Access control refers to a security technique that describes the process of regulating the entry to a restricted space. The same concept can be easily applied to a computer setup where access control may either restrict the physical access to devices or restrict users from reaching a particular database or application set present on a secure computer network.
The first type of access is often termed as a physical access control because it uses a restriction of physical space. The access control placed on a computer though is an example of logical access control. There are four ways to implement access control which are:
- Discretionary Access Control
- Mandatory Access Control
- Role Based Access Control
- Rule Based Access Control
Access control is implemented in the modern computers using special access control systems. These systems can use methods of identification and authentication in order to restrict access. They also use concepts of access approval as well as perform strict accountability of the users.
This accountability results from the user of unique PINs (Personal Identification Numbers), passwords and modern biometric scanners. They can also be implemented using either electronic or physical combination of lock and keys.
Implementing Access Control
Access control is implemented to manage three important concepts of identities as well as rights and report generation. These concepts emphasize on the authentication, authorization, and audit facilities in a corresponding manner.
Identities are produced and managed ideally using a system of user names and passwords. Other factors can also be used for authenticating the entry of a user into a computer system. A common access control management procedure is the assigning of individual instruments of authentication to system users.
The modern IDM (Identity Management) methods are capable of using the method of accounts and reducing the complications that appear in the organizations for managing multiple identities and user databases. The modern systems comprise of first creating identities and then simply attaching different user accounts and passwords to the individual identities. This system is excellent for limiting the resources needed to save all the authentication information according to a security expert Andrew Plato.
The second element of user rights is also important as it aims to limit the functions that are available to a user. A user ideally needs to have access to a customized set of operations that are just the perfect ones for the job a particular user performs.
It is common these days to use policies for user rights rather than setting up individual rights for all the accounts. This makes it easier to create groups of rights and software elements that are then available to particular departments such as having a human resource department and a finance department in an organization. Each will have its own set of rights and access control only requires the management of groups rather than all the individuals.
Rights management, however, is just beginning to user modern methods and many clients still use older access systems such as manual locks and access codes. This makes it very difficult for implementing group based policies. Plato informs that in case of multiple systems that cannot communicate with each other, experts have to rely on the older manual access control procedures that have higher chances of mistakes.
A more modern solution is to perform rights management on the cloud. This simply puts the processing power outside the physical limits of an organization and allows the use of remote store and computing power. User rights simply are required on both the cloud and on the local server in a similar manner when employing this method.
The third element is that of editing. It is performed by tracking the behavior of users and matching it with the relevant policies of the organization that apply in various places. Internal security is more important now, and therefore, modern security solutions can now keep track of administrative choices and selections.
Robbi Papp is an accounts manager with a security consultancy and informs that the latest product in a database audit system is the one that allows the auditing of the administrators of the client databases. It is essential to audit the people in control because security lapses often occur at the top. He further informs that a modern security system can easily fail if the manager at the top of the system is the culprit. Admin audits provide a safeguard against this fundamental threat.
David Solve, the CEO of Evolve Technologies believes that it is important to provide additional controls to your clients when serving security solutions. Clients require tools that allow them to take help when performing access control processes. They want options such as the ability to reset passwords and manage simply changes in security rules and policies.
Access Control opportunities and Cautions
There is a lot of potential in offering access control management to organizations. Allen Zuk, the CEO of a technology firm informs that solution providers often have to compete against the internal departments of their probable clients which are capable these days of creating and managing access control systems. The only opportunities lie in SMB (Small & Medium Businesses) sector for the service providers. They however need to ensure that they do not make mistakes because clients can quickly change their service provider.
Technology providers must ensure that they limit the errors when installing an access control system because it directly affects the operations in an organization. They need to ensure that their clients have compliance issues and cannot simply provide all systems to their solutions provider. Incorrect rules in access management often cost a lot of time and money for clients and they now are capable of categorizing it.
Solution providers may use many available products and services in order to create the best system for their clients. They should never rely on using a single source, because it will not be fair to their clients. Solutions providers also face many complications when servicing SMBs. A single user may have multiple responsibilities in these setups which makes it difficult to use a broad rule based system. A rigid system though fails entirely when a small organization grows and ultimately develops multiple departments.
The number of sub-groups and roles should be definite because an excessive amount of groups puts the whole system at risk with an increased chance of security lapse. Plato believes that access control solutions have to integrate with the individual needs of the clients. They also should allow auditing to safeguards clients.
All clients are looking for a solutions provider who shows experience and successful record of installing access control systems. Clients want partners who powerfully demonstrate their command over access control systems and ensure that they can provide support even if the organization goes through a time of change and adopts a different business model.
Access Control Management Trends
Weak access control was a result of the weak directives of corporate management. Access control was simply not given enough attention and this resulted in the presence of security holes in the employed systems. These days, companies are finally paying attention to access control and have learned to implement better systems as part of their overall risk management strategy. They have learned this through hard lessons due to security breaches.
Access control is now being attached with compliance as well. This is an important step because it allows clients to ensure that their operations are compliant when they are simply running an access control system. Solution providers now have to ensure that their systems prevent administrators from violating the regulations of compliance.
The appearance of the new tools such as the Skybox View 4.0 allows organizations to integrate the concepts of access control with the compliance requirements in various business processes. The software tools are presented by Skybox Software Inc. and ensure that they can expose areas where compliance issues may arise due to changes in access controls.
Modern access control tools are providing integrated management of business operations. They are combining the elements required in Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and Enterprise Resource Management (ERM) and ensuring the use of cloud services. Auditing instruments in access control systems have greatly improved, resulting in less security holes and improved risk management.
If you are lloking for specialists for Access Control in Las Vegas, Teledata Technologies is here to give you a free security consultation to see where gaps can be closed in your business security.
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